The Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) is a shrub belonging to Lamiaceae family and grows spontaneously along mediterranean coast. It is an evergreen shrub with very thin, linear and sessile leaves, the colour of which on the upper page is of a glossy green colour, while on the lower page looks white and tomentose. It flowers between March and October and its flowers are small, clustered, purple-blue with lilac shades. The name of Rosemary, according to some sources, comes from Rosae maris (sea rose), according to other sources from Ros Marinus, that is marine dew. According to the legend, flowers were originally white, they became light blue-purple after the absorption of the colour of the mantle of Mary, left to dry, during the flight to Egypt, just on the branches of this plant. Rosemary oil was discovered in 1370 when a traveller gifted it to Isabella of Hungary, to cure rheumatism. Once discovered Rosemary’s antispetic properties, it was used to marinade meats as well as to season it.
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